8  intend - government
        government    ukunana      
             
  be in charge of acakmire,   uku toto uku ufale   preside puhucoto
  head (pers. in charge) xefi   judge ta eceremu
  supervise neere coto uku puhucoto   give a judgement ta ta'a
  responsible itana nae, …it navare   decide tot ca'a
  be under (subject to) uane   overrule talica'a
  be over taline    
             
             
  authority   autoridade   politics politik
  authorities ilaficaru, cautapunere   political politikunu
  act in the name of inee mela'a   politician politiku
  govern ukune   civil sivil
  rule ukune   official (adj) ofisial
  recognise / acknowledge navare … itapinu   official / officer laficar
  subject … ima'ar lauhana      
        militari,  guvernu ilaficaru
             
  the state nasaun    
  constitution lei iara,   federation federasaun
  [parliament] parlamentu   republic republika
  government / rule ukunana   kingdom reno
  government istadu, guvernu   empire imperiu
  international relations nasaun inita a'averirana   colony ukunana
  the UN Onu    
             
Isikola fai guvernu itana nae.  /  Isikola fai Guvernu it navare. The government is responsible for establishing schools.
Ina taracerun hai fai, po ministru ta eceremu inait tali raut' guvernu fai.
We make suggestions but the minister judges what is best to do.
Kinamoko ihini maise, nanipo laficar ni naum talica'a tu ahar kapare.
The child is in the right, but the grown-ups overruled him.
Alivana en eru tu a eackmire. You're the one in charge of this area.
Inglatera na'e igreja governu uane. In England the church is under the government.
Governu igreja taline. The government is over the church.
Nasaun imucunana institusiaun lafane. There are many institutions within the state.
Tava navare tu moco tava ihini tapinu. He acknowledges that the child is his.
Afa naunuku hai ta'a po hair lafae ta em isi. We've all had our say and now it's up to the chief to make a judgement.
Mua auf navare tu militari iguvernu tu Burma nae akam itapinu.
Everyone knows the military government of Burma is not legitimate.
government      ukunana
division of the country     rejiaun regions (informal divisions)
    (examples)   tahi vehe the coast
nasaun   Timor Leste   vacu hiamuinu the east
rejiaun   vacu hiamuinu   vacu isinu the west
distritu   Lautem      
    (the Fataluku speaking district)   subdistricts in the Lautem district
sub-distritu   Lospalos   Lospalos Luru
suku   Fuiloru, Rasa, Muapitin …   Tutuala Iliomar
povosaun  Bairu Sentral, Ira Ara … (in Lospalos)     Moru Lorehe*
*   formerly - now no longer a subdistrict.
             
      [local / village leader] xefi,  cauhafa,  liurai
  independent jen ukune lukun ocava   spokesperson, MC luku-lukun ocava
  autonomous otonomi   represent inee mela'a
  democracy democrasia   representative representante
  aristocracy / oligarchy fe'udal   [local government] guvernu distrital
  bureaucracy birokrasia      [council] kounselu (not in current civic use)
  anarchy anarkia   [MP] deputadu
      minister ministru
             
             
  president presidente   throne trono
  prime minister premeiru ministru   crown korona
  king malae, liurai   feather headdress acaleu sisirana *
  queen cauhafa tupur   sword (ceremonial) hitu teinu
  [lord] malae itana tenenu    
        *   traditional ceremonial wear for leaders
             
      subsidiarity subsidariu
  labour (party) sirivesi ocavar ipartidu   centralise sentraliza
  socialist sosialista   national nasional
  socialism sosialismu   international internasional
  communist komunista   ambassador embaisador
  apartheid aparheid   embassy embaisada
      global global
             
  Political parties - Timorese and foreign The larger Timorese parties (after Fretilin)
  FRETILIN   PD       Partido Demokratiku  
  Partido Demokrat PSD     Partido Sosial Demokrata
  Uniaun Demokratica Cristaun ASDT   Asosiasaun Sosialista Demokratika Timorense
  Leibor   UDC     Uniao Demokratika Kristaun
   Partido Trabaiadores PST     Partido Sosialista Timorense
    KOTA   Klibur Oan Timor Asuain
      …….   klibur TT horupana  
  district head, administrator [mayor]   administrador distritu, subdistritu    
          popati M: bupati
government      ukunana
             
      conspiracy mucupirinu
  corruption korupsaun   resistance resistensia
  dictator ditador   guerilla gerila
  tyrant tirani      rebel guvernu tatanpai, rebelde
  terrorist terorista   uprising neheren tatanpai
      civil war nita apur hal fai
             
             
  church (org.) igreja   preacher luku-lukun ocava
  congregation kongregasaun   priest, minister ma'ar tein,  padre
  parish parokia navarana   [animist priest] ina haran
  diocese dioseze   bishop bispu
  clergy ma'ar tein   pope papa
  laity sarani   hierarchy hierarkia
             
        government: additional material       ukunana: upata'a itavanana      
Tava ina ilafae?  Te ilafae?   subject   … i ...  
    What's he in charge of? … inasaun   Timor rohon Portugal inasaun.
Te ihini?    What's his job?    Timor used to be subject to Portugal.
ihulana   responsibility (for) … ima'ar lauhana Tava ta'a povu guvernu ima'ar lauhana.
noko ihulana   my responsibility (as a younger)     He says the people are subject to the government.
            Ana istadu ima'ar lauhana.
Jen ukune ivaci. Independence day. Polisi horucau neerecoto.
nasaun o nasaun lot fai international agreement  ...keep an eye on the meeting.  
Rota en afi a-ajete. This rota is our responsibility.
a-amore     give someone the responsibility for providing
      count on someone for  
a-amorana     beam that rests in the karanu (a Y-shaped support)
a-amore   put in place, give someone responsibility for
Ana paun rahukanim ena-amore. I'm counting on you to contribute / raise 100 pounds.
Ana sirivesi en ena-amore.  I'm putting this responsibility on you.  
         
Paun rahukanim ena-amore. He requires a hundred pounds from you.  
     Pasar ukani a hai ememau em tava ina.     You must bring it and give it to him in one week.
Ana kuca lime kaka a-amore. I ask you, my brother, to contribute five horses
      Kaka kuca lime noko tolune.      You;ll help me with five horses.  
Ana luku-lukun tava a-amore turupasa emanacita'a.      
      I give him the job of translating for me.