English - Fataluku wordlist Luku-lukun ilista Ingeris - Fataluku
3 Syntactical words
    personal pronouns    
subject   ia
    that, it  
I ana, ani Ani ono nucece. I'm having a shower.   a situation or state of affairs
you a   something already specified
she, he tava tava nami, tava tupure "Matare" ia lavan vaari naanate.
  tava   "Matare" always refers to money.
it tava Tava hai hoe. It's lit. (the gas fire)   "Matare": (that) always refers to money.
we ina    
we afi they  
you i Ita mace. You go ahead and eat.   a group or class of people, things
you ia Ia a nau sika. You really tricked me. neher ia those standing
they (individuals) tavar Ia la'a sirivesi. (palu, nalu)
they (group, class) ia   They go to work (parents).
you / one ma'ar
  afi Ira hopilu afim poree pai. Porridge fills you up.
you (pl) ia, i
Alata koukoune muahara muahara api una. Ia koukoune muahara muahara leura una.
  In our family we always eat fish at night. You always eat meat.
Ia ica akam isirivesi fai. Some of you are not doing your share of the work.
Ia hai macere?   Have you eaten?    
Ia fa'a fa'a oore.   You're always noisy.  
object   subject emphatic,  
    independent  
me a    
you e I aneru, aniri
he, she tava Eri eluhe? Do you want some? you eru, eri
it tava he, she tava
us ina Tava eno emicane. It too was up here. it tava
us afa we iniru
you i Ana inim nita naca'a. we afiru
    I'm introducing you to each other. you iri, iru
they tavar    
you / one afi they tavar(u)
anta Anta mara. I'm coming. answering who is the subject of an action
afiter Afiter la'a. Let's go. We're going. Anir t'ana tu + ana I, I'm the one
inter Eni'it inter la'a. We're going now. E t'a, eta tu + a you, it's you who
Tava tu   he, she, it
Afir' t'afa tu + afa we
Tava eno emicane Iniru t'ina tu + ina we
It this also here on     you
Even this is here! Tavar ta   they
  (finding an old bottle on top of the fridge)
personal pronouns
reflexive / reciprocal   Mamin lauhe. It grows of itself.
-self (subj) jen, mamin Jen hai utuhi'i. It closed itself.
-self (subj + obj) jen in Tele jen in ece. The telly went off (switched itself off).
    Tapa jen in vasi tali more. Don't stretch yourself too much.
-self (prepositional) jepe jepe by (him)self
    jepen la'a go by himself
   
-self (obj) ni, nim (ni + em) nim apanave learn (teach oneself)
    Ana serika ni haim apanave. I've learnt a little bit.
    Tava manane nanipo ni halam isi. He won, but he's modest about it.
each other nita Afi nita lanu. We're friends.
    Afiter nita ali fanuhene. We'll see each other again.
own jen hin, in Tava in heluhanam touru ta'ale He imposes his will on others.
Moco pal eceremu, jen hin malufe. The son thinks of his father and forgets about himself.
Ta ta mamin fatu. It can finish cooking by itself.
Mamin eme. Tanam eme. Help yourself.
jen in ria sort itself out
emphatic  
   
*self mamin Ta ta mamin fatu. It can finish cooking by itself.
own ihini
  maminihini Ana maminihini fai. I do my own work.
possessive   possessive  
    belonging to ihini
my a- alee nae at my house mine ahani
your e- Enee umani? What is your name? yours eheni
his, her tava i- tava ikareta her car his, hers tava ihini
its tava i-    
our ini- ours inihini
our afi- afilanu our friend ours afihini
your i En imacenu. This is your food. yours i'ihini
    I macen ene. Your food is this one.    
their i-, tavar i- theirs (tavar) ihini
one's afi- possessive particle: hin
hetuni reinforces the sharing aspect of afihini, and, rarely, tavarihini.  
  Afi lee varesempai afihini hetuni. It's all of our jobs to clean the house.  
hini Kaka ihini(t) aracane. You dropped something. (Something of yours has fallen.)
hin Eteasa cautapun panake hin ane. Have we any medecine for headaches?
Kaka hin to'o fale; an ta fai. You hold your cup; I'll do it. (adjust the table)
Jesus muacauvele hin tahanana fa'e. Jesus offers sacrifice for the world.
             
  Kaka" and "noko" (older, younger brother / sister) are often used in place of personal pronouns,  
      especially "you".
  Kaka temara? Noko, an la'a sirivesi. Where are you going? I'm going to work (young brother).
  Noko akam eva'va'ane fai-fai. I've never done that.    
             
Elan tolune po ia tei-teil' la'a-la'ao a ono iliarana semu.
Help your friend, and sooner or later you'll get your reward.
Inae tini po a ono una. Wait a bit - you'll still get your food.
personal pronouns: additional material
Ana rohon ono mace tuu a ahain aaceru. I was eating when you called me.
Ena inahin ehai nau naku-nakun pai. Why have you broken it all up?
Ana nim enaaca'a. I introduce myself to you.
Pronouns confirming the subject.
Clarifying who did the act to someone who alredy knows that the act was performed.
       
Anir t'ana ehar mau. I told you to come.
Anir t'ana macen pohe. I did the cooking.  
cf. Ana o'o caru. I am opening the door.
Ana o'o hai caru. I've opened the door.
Anir t'ana mua luure eacakmire.   I was the one in charge of sweeping the floor.
Er ta tava ceru.   You're the one who called her.
Anir t'ana macen pohe. I did the cooking.  
    (e.g. when someone compliments the food)
Anir t'ana fai, po teva'ane? I did it - so what?  
Ia naunuku anaci tali muahaka. You are all very kind to me.
Ia Timor inoupu. You are the future of East Timor.
I ten elu nar ibisikaletam lee upu hicine. If you want, you can put your bicycles at the back of the house.
ma'arafu we (showing consciousness of being friends together)
  elaborate "high" language  
Ma'arafu afa hain o'ocu'ume. Well, we have finished eating, everyone.
Ma'arafu afa hain o'o hu'ume. Well, we have finished eating, everyone.
    "We leave it at that."