1   God  -  matter - subject                Uruvacu  -  upata'a - sujetu
being    anana
be (often not needed when it merely joins simple subject and predicate)
       
is, are it            Kupa it Kupai, ana akam Kupa.             Kupa is Kupa, I am not Kupa.
                Noko it helupai.               I'm the one who is replacing him.
is / that is (explicit) ivi'it         Ahani imaisina ivi'it eni.               This is my reason.
    Uru ali mau ivi'it kaka azaira 62?             Will you be 62 next month?
is, are ia       Tanafuka ia susuka Uruvacu emanina. My fingers are the fork God gave me.   
  hail         Asorot hail tenae?                Where is my letter?
           
  exist … ia ane   find oneself fatatara (ana) …
  there is ane   get on, fare, be … hai
  let … (que ...) vaari ene(t) ia ane rata nate   continue to be / last … ulan nate,     …ulan … va'ane
  if only … ait, aitana   lasting ivaarini,   ivaari-vaarinu
  existence, being anana em la'apai   keep st. going … fait … (la'a)
  come into being, arise hai ane   come to an end, cease   isain hainu,   sai
           
           
  maintain (keep in existence)   vaari tolunet la'a   everyone naunuku
  derive (from) naen mau   someone umani
  be in a place, stay nae   no-one akam ma'ari
  be situated inae, enae   everything naunuku
  be missing aka inae,  -enae   something, anything nacun
  go missing hai molu   nothing naumpe
           
it upe there isn't (any) Tavarihini imaisina ivi'it ina'i? What is their reason?  
Ivi'it rau. That's good. Ca'ucecereke, ivi'it malandrui.  
Pesta ia ane. There's a party on.       "Caucecereke" means "malandru".  
nacun nau pali there's nothing there
Eteasa ca'utapun panake hin ane? Have we any medecine for headaches?   
India ihini naet ane. They have some at the indian shop.
Joao ono Oxford nae?  Ula iva'ane.  Ana akam aci-aci. Is Johnny still in Oxford?  Perhaps.  I don't see him around.
This chair will last for many years. Kacera en kois aiaira lafan ulan nate.
This weather might last for a week. Pari en kois pasar ukani ulan evaari va'ane.
These laws have lasted for several generations. Lei en ma'ar lauhana totol' lafan ulan e hai va'ane.
The holidays soon come to an end. Feri tutu sai.
The policy came to an end when a new leader was chosen.  Ca'u tapun imiri hai naacue tu regulamentu irata hai sai.
The trouble came to an end when their neighbours moved away. Tavar ilee itanana hai la'a tu kaparana hai sai / hai nupe / ehai hala evene.
The party is coming to an end.   Festa en isainu hainu.  
    The next stage would be "hai sai" or "hai rau".
The party's coming to an end; even if you leave now you won't make it. Festa ia isain hainu tu a karu la'a o akam hai arohe.
              Eni'it orasere tu ana asirivesi'i              These are the hours I worked.  
  Note the final  -i (sirivesi'i).  This is a regular predicate indicator in Fataluku.
Eece ene, ukani aka'inae.   Two are here, one is missing.
Tava hai umu ana hai molu?   Is he dead or missing?
being     anana
           
  person ma'ar   spiritual humarahini
  thing nacun   physical ufurhini
  thing (casual, indef.) lala   transcendent, transcend  ukutali, ukutaline
  things (in gen) mua   secular    --
  the world mua   sacred tein
           
know your way around mua navare
           
  substance ina-inai   simple, straightforward, plain   fata
  nature imucunana   complex (mucu) rinko-ranko
  essence imucunana   complicated nita utu-utune
  inherent mucunate,  mucumau   composed, made of … … em fai
  character ihiar-hiaru   components, ingredients itava-tavanana
  function ila'anu   tempera
  role ifai-fainu   component (mechanical) itavanana unu
  consists of ia,   imucunana      
     
           
  absolute ihala, absolutu   abstract ufurpali, abstrakt(u)
  relative relativu   concrete itapinu
  definitive imai-maisina   potential potensial
  provisional inaapa'inu, provizional   actual karua, aktual
           
           
  state, condition ihinana,   kondisaun   essential esensial
  situation / state of affairs   ina-inai,   situasaun,   fundamental i'ara (mai-maisina)
  circumstances imini-mininana   the basic,  plain, frame  amupata
  parameter parametru   the inside, underlying , real   amu
  predicament he-enu ukuhe-enu   basically i'ara
  attitude ihiaru   sheer / utter tali tali
  lifestyle lauhana ihinana   proper, real naunu
  standard of living lauhana i'ara    virtual, unreal akam itapini
           
amupali banal, lacking substance
Ineemana inai? What's its role / function?
Uruvacu upa-upata'a ukutaline. God transcends all things.
Ica tutunu rasa ho hihipainu ukutali Love is transcendent over race and custom.
Kaka ihiaren rau. He has a good attitude.  (because he likes his work)
Faru en la'a festa mara ihini naunu. This is a real party suit / dress.
naukene imire mua tu'u-tu'unaci sit around thinking about things
Kuca nim mua poro. The horse gets its lead tangled.
akam muan aci can't see (blind)
fata simple, unadorned fatapohe plain cooking
  bare, not covered, plain fatapitine plain white
  pure,  unmixed fatacoli straight up, without interruptions
fatane   fata i'a barefoot
Fataluku plain, simple speaking      
being: additional material              anana: upata'a itavanana
tahi imucunana navare knows the sea (its character, ways)
En inahini? What's the function of this?
ete amupata core of hard wood
lee amupata unfurnished, plain
ufur amupata frame (body)
it  Macen ane.  Ira fain it upe. There's rice, but no stew to go with it.
 "it" may function as a relative pronoun:
Aca sile, ma'ar it manane ia kori-kori. At a cockfight, the men who win begin to whoop.
ia  Ana navare tuu ia kapare / kaparana ane. I know there is a problem.
Eni, fonini nanipo imai-maisina ia eni. (We talk about) this and that, but basically it's this:
Tava hin lavan vaarim tolunet isikola en la'a.  (emerpela'a) His money keeps this school going.
                            vaari me
Eta lar ta'an ta'a o tavar akam fihare. Even if you said it ten times, they wouldn't listen.
Komputer enia ivaarini ana upe?   Will this computer last long?
Indonesia itoropa ivaarinin West Papua nae?   Will the Indonesian military last in West Papua?
Ira ina en ivaarin.     This spring will last.  
     
Tava it fait it la'a.     He keeps it going.  
Tava it fait en la'a.      
Fotupuran it fait Iran-Irak halen aiaira kafa la'a.     The arms trade kept the Iran-Iraq war going for 8 years.
Loinana ocava ia ina fai?   What does the judge do?   
      Loinana ocava ifai-fainu ia ma'ar kastigu ho nauvara ma'ar perecua.
        The judge's role is to punish people or to let them off. 
Pari imucunana oksijen, carbon dioksida …   Air consists of oxygen, carbon dioxide …
Cereveza inam fai?   What's beer made of?  
Cereveza imucunana barli, hops, tava-tavanana Beer consists of Barley, hops and other things.
Barlim fai, ho hops, ho tava-tavanana icai.   It's made of barley, hops and some other things.