1 God - matter - subject Uruvacu - upata'a - sujetu
matter upata'a
           
  thing, object upata'a   set pana
  matter upata'a   go hard matare
  stuff, substance ina-inai      
  a lump (of) kafu-kafule, makare Ale hai pana. The rice has set.
  a grain of kafu
  crumb lumuke, lamaku   pohu kafi'ina broken piece of a pot
  a drop (of) cupute   kafe ikafu a coffee bean
     
           
  sky neli   planet planet, mua lilihana
  sun vacu *   satellite satelitu
  moon uru   eclipse uru molun, vacu molun
  full moon uru polunu   universe nehenta inaukunu
  star ipinaka   space uru mara
  comet komet    
          .
* day vaci
           
  earth muacauvele   fine, ground soil mua nakunu
  soil mua   dust (outdoors) e.g. road mua tapinu
  ground mua   fine ash blowing about ulupa tapinu
  mud, muddy hoku, hohoku   dust (indoors) e.g. carpet ulupa, mua tapinu
  dirt kilau   cf. acatapinu
           
           
  air pari     fire (small) acahoina, aca
  vapour humain(u)   fire (large) tana, aca tananu
  steam humain(u)   flame acahohoina
  water ira * ash acaulupa
  ice jelu matar   smoke acatapinu
  foam / froth ufute   flammable valal hoe, vala-valal hoe
  froth iufutina      
    ale, savan, tua iufutina * cf.ulupa tapinu
aca nonoku smouldering embers, aca vahire prepare, make up a fire
    from which a new fire will be lit hoe light, start (fire, light)
rekute spark aca tina make fire
kane flame, flare up aca hai tina the fire is lit
aca kakanu flame acatina hoe itamire sit near the fire
paru rough palm fibres used in starting a fire aca hoina burning fire
nelukala flint aca'm aacene light a fire
paru cainu fire started by aca'm ane
nelukala cainu striking metal on aca nau hoe
rata cainu flint muatana bushfire
cainu, isikeru (cigarette) lighter lee tana housefire
Co'one t'af' akam ma'ar aci nanipo afa aca kakanana halam aci.
As it's far away, we can't see anyone, but we can see the light of their fire.
matter
           
  crack kaarate, taarate   bare ka'are
  groove tupanu tupa (vb)   strip, make bare (em) ka'arpai
  hole (general, small) kuru   shed roroke
  hole, gap (e.g. in wall) soko   vacuum ka'arana
  hole (big) papane    
  broken, chipped soko      
     
           
  land muacauvele   mountain apa, ili
  plain ne'erana   peak pupuaka
  valley hupanu apa leetana   pass (mountain) leetana
  hill tupuka   ridge ili pui'ina, ili puicina
  small hill apa-apa   range (hills) ili nita nana'ana,
        ili nita a'a-a'anana
  volcano ili tananu
     
     
  ocean tahi
  sea tahi      
  land (opp. sea) muacauvele   point, promontory hoiku
  island muacauvele jecau   bay sokol o'o
  mua hafarika, totina   reef sakalu
  archipelago mua hafa-hafarika   beach tahi o'ovali
mua totinanu   coast tahi vehe
           
           
  tide tahi here   river ira ver(u)
  wave elu (la'anu)   bank (of river) ver o'ovali
  surf elu puhunana     lake ira ho'orana*, ira kenicaunu
  rough valiuru   [pond] lori
  calm tepe-tepere, omo-omoke   marsh hoku reirei
  current tahi iravahu   swamp ira lepeku
  whirlpool ira sikiru   bog, quagmire hoku reirei
           
* ho'ore: be lost, lose the way
           
  natural rock pool, reservoir piaru   desert muasasakina
  buffalo wallow lori   dust lumuke
  well ira kuru   pebble matakafulu
  spring ira ina   stone / pebble mataru
  bubble hufute(v), ihufu-hufutana(n)   rock (too big to lift) ili, ilimoko
  splash saure   cave veraka, peri-peri
  puddle para-para, lori-lori   cliff veenahi(nu)
        waterfall iracualana
     
Kaka ilee pui'ina hai kaarate. Your roof is cracked. tahi elu sea waves
Ana kere fai em mucu utue. a line to plant seeds in ira elu inland waves
Lampu hai hoe. The lamp is lit. elucipi crest of the wave
Indonesia imua hafa-hafarika. Indonesia is an archipelago. elu moruke the waves are strong
Ira Lalaru a lake near Lospalos elu teiteile gentle waves
matter
           
  environment nelu, muacauvele ho tutuana   wet ukuculu
  pollution polusaun   damp po'o-po'o
  contaminate asuke, kaparpai   dry sasake
  preserve purupale   dirty kilae
  restore helupai   clean varese
  slimy / slime misike   clean, clear va-varese
  mark, stain kilau tainta pohe   fresh u'ureke, tainta cica
      stale akahe
           
      fresh (vegetables) u'ureke
  material upa-upata'a fresh (fruit etc.) tainta cica
  wood ete fresh-made tainta fatu, tainta pohe
  [wood - bamboo] palan
  cork ---      
  cane (small, thin) tarukana   cardboard kaisa
  cane (large) puakaikai   paper sorotasa
  straw moto kete    
           
           
  block etekava   cloth lau, la'uta
  board (timber) etelepe(nu)   cotton kaisala
  plank etefaransiku   wool leuravele, pipivele
  bar pesikanu   silk sutera M
  sheet kalenu, kalen asa   lace lasu
  film lepi-lepikasa   canvas paravele
           
           
  stone mataru   sand iniku iniki
  [brick] matar lee   clay kafalu
  concrete simentu   earthenware mua mimiraka
  plaster rapisana rata ra'u   porcelain / china matar ra'u
  tile matar hila-hila tahi matar*   quarry mua kaurana
  tar alakatraunu   mine muakuru
           
* flat stones collected from the shore
matar     varesempae to clean
asise solid (stone) good for building Hai nau varese. It's all cleared.
tomoke fragile, friable stone  
        po'o-po'o damp
mumina     ira-ira wet
manahe strong, keeps shape (well-made, supple knife blade)
u'ureke weak, can be twisted and bent sasakpai to dry
        patate dry, dried by wiping
ete     Afi aaseile patate. We wipe it dry.
asise strong, hard wood like from the core of the tree ukure dry by warming
u'ureke weak, breakable   lauluka ira-ira ukuret sasake
ete huru haa v. strong wood in the centre of the tree o'o(n) ukure smoke (slang)
matter
           
  metal mumina   gold lavan karase
  iron pesi   silver lavan pitin
  copper koper M   diamond diamante
  steel kalenu, mumina mumina nauni   gem / jewel rahnana
  lead sumpu      
  tin kaleni
rust / rusty sa'e, sa'e-sa'e      
        solid purutene
  strong pihete
      mai-maise   firm, secure masunate
  glass arani kai-kaile   unsteady, insecure kailnate
  rubber purasu   weak kumale
  leather veletaru   flexible, supple tomo-tomoke
  plastic masa   rigid tu'a, petele
  wax usu, ucu (vani ucu)      
     
     
        solid aufu
  fine lepikasa   [broken up, grit] foroku
  poor quality / flimsy haku-haku   powder ini-iniku
  soft, limp romo-romo, kumale   liquid ira, hain ira
  limp (plant) kumale, lapise   gas pari
  stiff tu'a, petele   oxygen oxijen
  fragile valalkaune   tiny particle (molecule) ninikita moko
  flaw, fault holi   atom atomika
           
Sumpu hain ira. The lead has melted. hai foro-foroke ground up
joko-joko wobbly ifalana solids
Hai matare. It's gone hard i'ira liquids
kaleni "tin" (general for sheets of metal) Makadadi afa ceve, lau'e. If we fire makadadi it melts.  
alimina aluminium Mumina nauni afa ceve, akam lau'e - tava irikese.  
makadadi aluminium (& other light metals)       If we fire steel it doesn't melt, it burns.  
lepi-lepikasa fine, delicate
tapim lepi-lepikasapai, em lepi-lepikasapai make (carve, ) it very fine
lepi-lepikasa po purupale delicate: handle with care
Vidru en ikaunana memafe'e. This glass is very fragile.
ihaku-hakunu of poor quality, not strong
ete ihaku-hakunu second-rate wood
Ete ikesinim karan fai po tapa ihaku-hakunum fai. Make the upright from strong wood, not from rubbish.
Tutu en ikesinu po akam ihaku-hakunu. This is a strong beam, nothing flimsy about it.
ma'ar lauhana ipo'o-po'otu, ihaku-hakunu a delicate person (health)
Tava ivi tapim rau-raun navare, potava akam ma'ar luhana ihaku-hakunu.
He knows his business. He's not an amateur.
Tapi rau-raun eceremu tu eta ta'a, po enia akam nacu ihaku-hakunu.
Be careful what you say, this is no light matter.
matter: additional material upata'a: upata'a itavanana
matare, asise hard Ina-inai nauku enae. There's all kinds of stuff here.
tomoke soft
hai makae gone hard (e.g. honey) ira valu-valu simmering
hufute (ira on aralaku) boiling over
ale makare a dollop, spoonful of rice
cuput ukane a drop To'o en hai karate. This cup is cracked.
hala cuput moko just a wee drap kurue having holes (which shouldn't be there)
tua cuput moko kurue make a hole
Tapa para-para micaciele. Don't step in the puddles.   paya    
Tapa para-para topure. Don't splash in the puddle.   a precious stone yellow in colour, a sign of wealth
mua hoke wet ground   used for decoration in ceremonies  
  given by the male's family to the female in an engagement
  gicven as compensation for breaching rules  
Kila'u afaru hai nakesi My shirt has got a stain on it.        
  pai mataru    
Afa vaihula caru, humain malupela'a.   black stone used as bullet in traditional gun  
We're opening a window to let the steam out.   because black was the colour of pigs before pai makau
  were introduced    
amupata trunk (of tree) ufur amupata main part of the body
tua amupata trunk of the (wine)palm tree
ete uruha'a, amupata hard dark wood at core of a certain tree
important for building
  Mars   aur kuru auru quarry  
Nofitu, Noipu Venus, morning star   auru: stone quarried to burn and break up, then chewed
Noipi hiamui early morning     with laiku (betel nut) and maluhu (bean-like fruit)  
  Jupiter
Paihomoni Orion's Belt
Rahi the Seven Sisters   tapinu smoke
  -capi produce smoke
Aca anina mucucapi. Smoke gets in my eyes.
Aca anina hi-icapi. Smoke gets in my eyes.