1   God  -  matter - subject                Uruvacu  -  upata'a - sujetu
animal        ipar-pai, kaminu, olo-aca
  Fataluku seems to avoid the more abstract generic nouns in favor of a more concrete listing. Often a pair of 
  named animals represents the whole class.    
             
  ipar-pai "dog-pig"  the range of animals to be found around the house  
    "ipar-pai" is pronounced as one word, with its own accentuation:  iparpai  not  ipar, pai
  olo-aca birds        
  kuca-arapou horse-buffalo   field animals   kuca-arap lafane a lot of animals
  ifi-laha the worm family        
  kaminu "ant"   can represent the whole range of creepy-crawlies, insects
  irin-alahu the range of wooded areas from light forest to heavy jungle  
         
  Sometimes "ho" "and" is used and there is no longer a compound word but three words.
  nana ho hokara snakes      
  tua ho pala plantation, cultivation areas      
           
  ifi ho laha (figurative) descendants       En tava ifi ho laha.   These are her descendants.
           
  A Fataluku proverb:   Lee o'o carut' nehenta uman o mau: olo-aca, kaminu, ipar-pai mucupemaun muka-muka.
    Open the door and let all the creatures come in: let birds and insects and animals 
      come in and find themselves some food.  
    (In less expressive terms: Be generous.)    
             
words for "animal"
  lau-lauhana   living things      
  mua kilailai   living things ant to elephant (inc. birds) but not fish or people
   aci-acinu tu vehe vale   classical, special use  
   animal   Port. - not much used  
   upa-upata'a   when context shows that living animals are meant
  vaka, pai hoto, nana   listing, as above    
   olo   bird      
   api   fish      
  ihoto wild  
          ihinanu domestic (field)  
  fierce / savage valiuru     ipiaparanu domestic (house), pet  
  savage (persons) poroke, leese     "when you have only one: a dog, a chicken"  
  wild ihoto   ima'arvaarinu tame (obeys people)  
  tame ima'arvaarinu   ihinan-hoto feral,  gone wild  
          ihoto-ihinanu    
      wild and domesticated (the whole range)
falana, ma'ar lauhana ho lau-lauhana itelira objects, people and other living things
Ina-ina'i naunuku irin mucune, vaka, pai hoto, nana … There are all sorts of animals in the jungle.
Nehenta ina-ina'i irin mucune ...
Nehenta animal naunuk' irin mucune.
animal        ipar-pai, kaminu, olo-aca
           
  cat posi   buffalo arapou
  dog ipar   cow vaka
  bark vovore   sheep cuma
  horse kuca   goat pipi
  donkey  kucapuru *   pig pai
           
* used of an impolite, badly behaved person:  Tapa kucapuru.
           
  mouse cura (moko)   bear ursu
  rat cura lafae   lion liao
  bat maca   monkey lua
  rabbit koelu cura makau   elephant elefante
  monkey-like rodent with snout acuru   deer vaka (hoto)
  similar, lives in hollow of trees loo   camel parikuca
           
           
  fisherman peskador,  api naname   pen / corral loho, lopo
  fish anile,  naile   stable kuca loho, arap loho
  net cala   sty pai lopo
  hunt haware   trough ta'alu
  trap hili   saddle silinu
  tracks (animal) i'a mari   harness o'o kapa
        ride hiape
     
  animal eat bite kuca vahilane stallion
  kaia     macen aile, rokie kaia rokie kuca nale mare
  ipar, pai, pose  macen hafue ipar kikie kuca fanare filly
arapou, kuca, pipi, cuma  hariuna   k. vahilan moko colt
Maca sereveja una. The bat eats sereveja fruit.
Kaka la'a cura moko etekaure. He's going to set the mouse free. 
Noko cura nau mahane. He's afraid of mice.
arapou, kuca loho to'e put the buffalo, horse in the pen 
           
  chicken aca   [a wild bird] po'o-po'o
  hen aca nalu   eagle mai
  rooster aca taraleu   owl tupukur
   …crows aca kokote   crow  kapua
  chicken coop aca loho   cockatoo kaia
  egg aca ucu   (makes bird's nest soup) pui kafulaikafu
  duck patu    
           
animal        ipar-pai, kaminu, olo-aca
           
  tail ulafuka    
  fur leu (cumu-cumu)   nest (olo) vari
  horn horu   egg ucu
  wing amiru   lay poko
  feather maileu   hatch nakale
  beak o'o kelesu   shell fahu
  claw kelesana    
           
           
  fish api   lobster tahi asi
  whale ira veilaru   crab capuku
  porpoise / dolphin roinu   jellyfish asipokilu
  seal tahi paru   octopus asitau
  shark kamati suani   eel cuan
  tuna tongkol   river eel vahu
           
    tahi asi prawn
pai suta pig's nest ira asi river prawn
miniki snout asi lakuvare crayfish
aca kurure call chickens sakarau clam
mamanu wild duck ra'u-ra'u flat shell
toutou hoot (owl) pai-pai * small conch-like shell
    keletu conical spiral shell
"pai-pai" also as a euphemism for vagina
fish at Lospalos nana keremuna snake skin
ulurapi uluru: a large fruit   cobra  nana ca'u va'ava'ane
rai-rai a small fish     like a cobra's head
poko api poko: a round container woven from vine lalapusa cobweb
ira api very common   lalapusa valikina nae cobwebs in the corner
lais api small round fish   kamin vari ant's nest
ikan lele introduced by the Indonesians futu             an ant that makes large swarms
Aca ucu poko. lay an egg tahi puhu-puhu sea shell
"hala seipuhupuhu" a bad day's fishing
pipi horu, arap horu a sheep's horn,  a bull's horn api keremuna (fish) scales
lee horu the "horns" at the top of a traditional house tahi fofoti speargun
lee horuvalu house of this type (with horns) tafa spear (vb)
api uku fish bone
           
  snail sakulolu   lizard     --
  worm ifi        (no general word)  
  frog cila itipu*   tortoise ipitu
  snake nana afi calafuru   crocodile lavei
           
* coastal usage, from "itikolile", dive
veu                     a small tortoise crocodile and its euphemisms * * The crocodile is seen as the animal ancestor, associated with the land and its first people.  It is safer to use this respectful name.
toke                  a rough-skinned lizard lavei (literal)
pai musu-musu   a smooth-skinned lizard buicoloru    
cualeu              a poisonous snake afi calafuru * lit.  "our ancestors"
nana hopu          a coiled snake   (most euphemistic)
animal        ipar-pai, kaminu, olo-aca
           
  insect / bug        --   insects in general kaminu
  spider iriko'o kaukaure loo fulafula   ant kaminu
  scorpion savarika   a swarm of ants kaminvari
  centipede laruni   white ant, termite futu
  milipede sere lumu-lumu   flea asu
           
           
  fly upuru   caterpillar tepekuku
  mosquito nikinu   grub hanu       hani
  bee vani   butterfly, moth /  maca-maca **
  [wasp / bumble bee] vani-capu   grasshopper silaku
  dragon-fly pupupuravarava lua-lua, pai-pai   beetle pupurukuti
        cicada paiparacicin
vanicapu honeycomb      
** a broad class of winged insects
           
  swarm (flying) i'are i'ari  (n)   dragon nana (tei)
  swarm (crawling) vate   monster mua acupenu
  bite kikie   dinosaur dinosaurus
  sting kikie   extinct hain ukun umunoro
  web pelekafu    
           
kamin i'are vani vate hai tana cene
"i'are" is also used figuratively, of people etc. has died out, no succcessors or descendants
acar silaki small grasshopper
Nikinu afi vehe timese.   Mosquitoes suck our blood. muu silaki large, edible grasshopper
Uluni kois liare(t) cila.   A tadpole turns into a frog. patani leech
uluni tadpole
           
raise,  grow (animals, plants) piapara   bit o'o aamorana
  rear ete   mouth covering   
  mate nita neere   (to which halter is attached) o'o kapa
  breed piapara   reins kuca taru
feed ufane,   hari   yoke acavaiakana
look around for food muka-muka   paddock kuca loho
  chew the cud pazazane   to tame, break in  pasu
           
em (nita) acakafale put together to breed
Arap calu teni'it arap nal ineere? To which bull bufalo will the cow be put?
Aca moko emela'an ete. Take this chicken and rear it.
animal: additional material       animal: upata'a itavanana
Arap hai vale. The bufalo's given birth.
ale pala neure mua neure drive several buffalo back and forth through paddy fields (to plough)
arapou hu'ume leave unguarded (to wander in the wild)
hu'ume leave to wander
kucam in hu'ume leave their horses loose there
gender in animals
  female male       folo kua a kind of bird
aca  fanare taraleu       kapua a family of birds inc. crow
arapou  nalu calu       kua-kua a bird's call
kuca  nale vahilane
sei  plant whose fruit is poison but can be eaten after twice boiling  
sei puhu-puhu shell of this fruit      
sei puhu-puhu similar-looking sea shell with edible  inside    
           
   pai musu-musu pig licker fishing and the sea
(a kind of lizard)    api naile     someone who is fishing  
   cualeu a green snake     api nai-naile,  api apame,  fisherman  
    peskador, api halam eme
   tahi ma'ar lauhana coastal people